Darjeeling tea is a popular drink to people across the world. It is refreshing, soothing and delicious. Moreover, it is enriched with numerous health benefits. Tannin is an essential nutrient present in this beverage that has a number of health benefits and side effects.

Let’s find out some facts about tannins present in Darjeeling teas…

Tannins – What are they?

Tannins are an antioxidant present in teas. It is a chemical compound which is a component of a larger group of compound known as ‘polyphenols’. Molecules of tannins are much larger than the ones present in other kinds of polyphenols. Tannins have the unique capability of combining easily with other kinds of molecules like minerals and proteins.

These tannins are found naturally in different kinds of inedible and edible plants like legumes, fruits, seeds, nuts, spices, leaves and tree bark. They also contribute to the flavor and color of plant food. Chocolate, wine, coffee and tea are the commonest and richest dietary sources of tannins. The typical bitter and astringent flavor of these beverages and foods are due to the presence of tannins.

Different Levels of Tannins in Diverse Varieties of Teas

It is true that teas are a rich source of tannins but, there are multiple variables that affect the quantity of tannins in a cup of brew. Now, there are four kinds of blends produced from Camellia sinensis plants –

  • Oolong
  • Green
  • White
  • Black

Every variant contains tannins but their concentration depends on the way the blends are produced and their time of steeping. Low quality blends usually have higher concentration of tannins and longer they are steeped, greater tannins concentration becomes in a cup of brew.

Healthy Impact of Tannins

Characteristics of tannins are quite similar to other kinds of polyphenols. They prevent diseases by providing antioxidants.

  • EGCG

It is one of the essential tannins present in Darjeeling green blends and it belongs to the group of compounds called catechins. EGCG plays a significant role in protecting cellular damage, reducing inflammation and a number of chronic diseases like cancer and heart problems.

  • Thearubigins & Theaflavins

Teas have abundance of two kinds of tannins – thearubigins and theaflavins. These tannins are present in high level in black blends and give the dark color to the brew. They prevent cellular damage resulting from free radicals. Thus, tannins in Darjeeling tea fight against cancer and provide antioxidants to have positive impact on human health.